Related Principles


Principles are general rules and guidelines that inform and support the way in which an organization sets about fulfilling its mission. Principles serve as the foundations for understanding between parties that convene to agree on a long-term commitment to work together. In a corporate enterprise world, this is achieved by defining principles that form the foundations for co-operation within, and guide the existence of, the enterprise (Greefhorst, 2011). The importance of principles in an enterprise cannot be overlooked or underestimated as they can be called upon when a decision without a common agreement is difficult to reach.



Based on the TOGAF architecture vision template, there are different types of principles to be considered (TOGAF 2011). Some of these principles are data principles, applications principles, and technical principles. The TOGAF has defined these principles in line with the smart city needs. For instance, as for the data principles, there is a need to consider the open access data which is one of exact needs of the smart cities. In the design phase of the smart services, considering the related principles is indispensable. As well, Wenge et al. (2014) stated that a smart city comprises a huge number of information systems deployed across the city. Different systems have different stakeholders, domains, and usage contexts. In this regard, they have defined three levels of the smart city standard, including 1) The standard framework; 2) The basic standards; and 3) The application standards.



  • Data principles, application principles, and technology principles(TOGAF,2011)


  • Mamkaitis, A., Bezbradica, M. and Helfert, M., 2016. Urban enterprise principles development approach: a case from a European City. In AIS Pre-ICIS Workshop on “IoT & Smart City Challenges and Applications”, Dublin (pp. 1-9).
  • Greefhorst, D. and Proper, E., 2011. Architecture principles: the cornerstones of enterprise architecture. Springer Science & Business Media.
  • TO Group, 2011. TOGAF Version 9.1. The Open Group Architecture Framework, The Open Group.
  • Wenge, R., Zhang, X., Dave, C., Chao, L. and Hao, S., 2014. Smart city architecture: A technology guide for implementation and design challenges. China Communications, 11(3), pp.56-69.