Standards can play an important role in the development and construction of the smart city. Standards can also provide requirements for monitoring the technical and functional performance of the smart cities. Standards can also help tackle climate change, address security and transportation issues, while ensuring the quality of water services. Standards take into account various factors such as business practices and resource management, while helping to monitor the smart city’s performance and thus reduce its environmental impact. IEEE has been developing standards for smart cities for its different components including smart grids, IoT, eHealth, and intelligent transportation systems (ITS).
Smart cities around the globe are quite diverse in terms of their characteristics, requirements, and components. In general, standards established by organizations such as the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), provide globally understood specifications to drive growth while ensuring quality, efficiency, and safety (Mohanty et al., 2016).
- ISO 37120 defines 100 city performance indicators which include 46 core and 54 supporting indicators. Some selected indicators are the following: economy, education, energy, and environment, which can be used by city civic bodies to benchmark their service performance, learn best practices from other cities as well as compare their city against other cities.
- Mohanty, S.P., Choppali, U. and Kougianos, E., 2016. Everything you wanted to know about smart cities: The internet of things is the backbone. IEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine, 5(3), pp.60-70.